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Fly Computer

GoFly - Flying Computer Project

GoFly is a new project based on Mio Moov s501 PNA car gps, LK8000 tactical fligh computer software and variometer (altimeter) external input.

Why?
    - you can build this for about 150$
    -really nice flying computer, with lot of features,
    -builtin variometer,
    -built in data logger approved by FAI
    -with color screen, TOPO maps and airspace maps
    -easily support competition tasks
    -your PNA is still very good car navigation system, so it will be peace of cake to come back from XC flying, If You have to parawait, there is plenty of other apps, games that You can find on the Internet for PNA.

How it is work?
 - this is not my idea, lot of glider pilots is using palmtops, pna-devices for couple of years with dedicated  flying software. LK8000 is one of the best, made by pilots for pilots, and if you have idea how to improve this software, they really like to listen. So, the idea is to find cheap, nice looking PNA device, with good lcd screen, that we can see even in direct sunlight, unclock it, put LK8000 software on it, build small vario device with serial output and connect everything together. Also, project contain battery upgrade and sound vario.

  
What we need?
1. Mio Moov s501, s401 or Mio M400 car navigation system. You can find those devices on ebay for around 35-70$ (You can also use other pna, but remember, we need good lcd screen and serial TTL 3.3v input). Mio is already tested by many glider pilots.
:Link:





2. Unlocking software (this software will let you enable hidden Windows CE environment. Unlock is based on http://projects.lanik.org/GPSProject_00.htm and http://www.glidertools.com/)

DOWNLOAD MS501_LK8000_UNLOCK 28.07.2011v

DOWNLOAD BETA TEST M400_LK8000_UNLOCK.07.2011v

This Mio unlock version is prepared for Mio S501 (with Navman map folder)
This Mio unlock contain LK8000 v2.2e, S-E part of USA maps, paragliders polars and USA airspace maps.
There is also device manager to quick check under which serial port GPS unit works, mp3 player to play some music during parawaiting, desktop rotating app for LK8000 and much more, like games and apps, that You can access through files explorer (extra apps and games are not part of the unlock software).

LK8000 and all necessary files for unlock software are installed on build in memory (not SD card).
You can put extra programs, and mp3 files to SD card.
Anytime You can upgrade LK8000 just overwriting LK8000 folder or just overwrite upgraded files, but always keep your profile and setting files to avoid setting up LK8000 again from the beginning.
This unlock is tested only on Mio S501. I don't know how this unlock will work on others Mios. There are small differences between different Mio models (folders structure, backlight control, etc.) so I AM NOT RESPONSIBLE if you'll brick your mio.
At Mio support website I found recovery software (SmartST_S501_v6_10_0056.exe) for my Mio S501 to bring Mio device to manufacture state (software recovers all folders content). Because I was playing a lot with files, I had to recover my mio few times before I finished Unlock software. It is good to have this recovery software and backup You entire data from Mio memory before You attemt to do some changes. Of course You need also Mio user application to recover Your maps. But I swapped to much better working software from "I GO" brand.

How to install:
    Preparing:
    1. Backup Your entire memory content from Your mio to Your harddrive. If something will go wrong, You can always recover mio system drive do original state. One important file during unlock is changed so after unlock if You do not have backup there will be only hard way to recover Your Mio to manufacture state. The most important thing is to have usb connectivity. I've never lost usb, but I've read that some folks bricked mio forever.
    Installing:
    2. Connect Mio using usb to Your computer. Restart Mio. You should get usb connectivity and removable media should show up on Your computer.
    3. Download and Unpack S501_LK8000_UNLOCK software to Your computer
    4. Copy all folders to Your Mio S501 memory, During copy process some files have to be overwritten. All files must be copy direct to the root of mio memory.
    5. Turn off the device into the reset position, wait a few seconds and then switch on again (Hard Reset)
    6. After 10-30 seconds You should get new nice looking mio desktop :)
    7. USB connection works only if You connect Mio to usb cable first and do hard reset.

If You are familiar with folders, settings files, some scripting, I think after few short nights ;) You should be able to move this unlock software to any m,s-series mio...
Good luck.

3. 4x AA rechargeable batteries, but You have to combine those batteries with special battery holder or project box with 4xAA battery compartment
3.1 You can also try

USB/DC Lithium Polymer battery charger 5-12V - 3.7/4.2v cells
from
http://www.adafruit.com/products/280


with nice huge Lithium Ion Battery Pack - 3.7V 6600mAh
http://www.adafruit.com/products/353

or You can use this nice patent to power Your arduino and Mio with 6 x AA battery holder
http://www.adafruit.com/products/248




4. Arduino Pro 328 3.3v/8Mhz development board from Sparkfun.com. It has 3.3v regulator so You can use input voltage from 3.7v to 12v (if You are good in electronics, try Arduino Pro mini version)


5. Barometric Pressure Sensor - BMP085 Breakout Board from Sparkfun.com


6. miniUSB angle cable
It is really hard to find mini usb cable with angle plug and all 5 pins populated with wires, but You can find one here
https://www.argentdata.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=111



7. miniUSB <>serial adapter from Sparkfun.com (you have to cut 5v jumper on the back of board and solder 3.3v jumper)


8. Plastic project enclosure (box)




How to build this project?




 

 
 

 

 


How to setup programming environment?
You can find everything on this page
    http://arduino.cc/en/Guide/Windows

Program listing
.

I did some programming long time ago (over 10 years ago) so this program is not perfect. Based on what I found on the internet, some learning, trying and references websites.

#include <Wire.h>            // i2c library
#include<stdlib.h>           // we need it to convert float to string (vario output)
#define BMP085_ADDRESS 0x77  // I2C address of BMP085
const float p0 = 101325;     // Pressure at sea level (Pa)
float altitude;
int OSS = 2;                 //oversampling setting 0-low power,1-standard,2-high res.,3-ultra high res.
int battery = 999;           //we dont have battery sensor, output is 999 for no battery in LK8000 vario input protocol
int ac1;
int ac2;
int ac3;
unsigned int ac4;
unsigned int ac5;
unsigned int ac6;
int b1;
int b2;
int mb;
int mc;
int md;
long b5;
short temperature;
long average_pressure;
long pressure;              // few buffers for averaging pressure level
long pressure1;
long pressure2;
long pressure3;
long pressure4;
long pressure5;

char bmp085Read(unsigned char address)          // reading function
{
  unsigned char data;
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
  Wire.send(address);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP085_ADDRESS, 1);
  while(!Wire.available());
  return Wire.receive();
}

int bmp085ReadInt(unsigned char address)
{
  unsigned char msb, lsb;
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
  Wire.send(address);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP085_ADDRESS, 2);
  while(Wire.available()<2);
  msb = Wire.receive();
  lsb = Wire.receive();
  return (int) msb<<8 | lsb;
}

void setup()                              // setting serial output parameters
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Wire.begin();
  bmp085Calibration();
}

// Stores all of the bmp085's calibration values into global variables
// Calibration values are required to calculate temp and pressure
// This function should be called at the beginning of the program
void bmp085Calibration()
{
  ac1 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAA);
  ac2 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAC);
  ac3 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAE);
  ac4 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB0);
  ac5 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB2);
  ac6 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB4);
  b1 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB6);
  b2 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB8);
  mb = bmp085ReadInt(0xBA);
  mc = bmp085ReadInt(0xBC);
  md = bmp085ReadInt(0xBE);
}
                                                // reading uncompensated temperature value
unsigned int bmp085ReadUT()
{
  unsigned int ut;
  // Write 0x2E into Register 0xF4
  // This requests a temperature reading
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
  Wire.send(0xF4);
  Wire.send(0x2E);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  // Wait at least 4.5ms
  delay(5);
  // Read two bytes from registers 0xF6 and 0xF7
  ut = bmp085ReadInt(0xF6);
  return ut;
}
                                              // reading uncompensated pressure value
unsigned long bmp085ReadUP()
{
  unsigned char msb, lsb, xlsb;
  unsigned long up = 0;
  // Write 0x34+(OSS<<6) into register 0xF4
  // Request a pressure reading w/ oversampling setting
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
  Wire.send(0xF4);
  Wire.send(0x34 + (OSS<<6));
  Wire.endTransmission();
  // Wait for conversion, delay time dependent on OSS
  delay(10 + (3<<OSS)); 
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
  Wire.send(0xF6);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP085_ADDRESS, 3);
  // Wait for data to become available
  while(Wire.available() < 3)    ;
  msb = Wire.receive();
  lsb = Wire.receive();
  xlsb = Wire.receive();
  up = (((unsigned long) msb << 16) | ((unsigned long) lsb << 8) | (unsigned long) xlsb) >> (8-OSS);
  return up;
}

short bmp085GetTemperature(unsigned int ut)            //calculating temperature from BMP085 in C
{
  long x1, x2;
  x1 = (((long)ut - (long)ac6)*(long)ac5) >> 15;
  x2 = ((long)mc << 11)/(x1 + md);
  b5 = x1 + x2;
  return (((b5 + 8)>>4)/10); 
}

long bmp085GetPressure(unsigned long up)              //calculating pressure from BMP085 in Pa
{
  long x1, x2, x3, b3, b6, p;
  unsigned long b4, b7;
  b6 = b5 - 4000;
  // Calculate B3
  x1 = (b2 * (b6 * b6)>>12)>>11;
  x2 = (ac2 * b6)>>11;
  x3 = x1 + x2;
  b3 = (((((long)ac1)*4 + x3)<<OSS) + 2)>>2;
  // Calculate B4
  x1 = (ac3 * b6)>>13;
  x2 = (b1 * ((b6 * b6)>>12))>>16;
  x3 = ((x1 + x2) + 2)>>2;
  b4 = (ac4 * (unsigned long)(x3 + 32768))>>15;
  b7 = ((unsigned long)(up - b3) * (50000>>OSS));
  if (b7 < 0x80000000)
    p = (b7<<1)/b4;
  else
    p = (b7/b4)<<1;
  x1 = (p>>8) * (p>>8);
  x1 = (x1 * 3038)>>16;
  x2 = (-7357 * p)>>16;
  p += (x1 + x2 + 3791)>>4;
  return p;
}
float vario;
void loop()                                                                 // looper, everything is happening here
{
 temperature = bmp085GetTemperature(bmp085ReadUT());                       //temperature in celsius
 pressure = bmp085GetPressure(bmp085ReadUP());                             //pressure in pascals
 pressure5=pressure4;
 pressure4=pressure3;
 pressure3=pressure2;
 pressure2=pressure1;
 pressure1=pressure;

 average_pressure = (pressure+pressure1+pressure2+pressure3+pressure4+pressure5)/6;
 
                                                             //vario in centimeters
  float altitude_backup = altitude;
  altitude = (float)44330 * (1 - pow(((float) average_pressure/p0), 0.190295));     // altitude in meters
  vario=(altitude-altitude_backup)*100+10;
  char vario_arr[5];
  char altitude_arr[5];                                                    //wee need this array to translate float to string
                                                                            //combine everything to create data string output
  String str_out =  
  String("LK8EX1"+String(",")+String(average_pressure,DEC)+ String(",")+String(dtostrf(altitude,0,0,altitude_arr))+String(",")+
  String(dtostrf(vario,0,0,vario_arr))+String(",")+String(temperature,DEC)+String(",")+String(battery,DEC)+String(","));

                                                                         // Calculating checksum for data string
  int ai;
  int bi;
  int checksum_end;
  for (checksum_end = 0, ai = 0; ai < str_out.length(); ai++) {
  bi = (unsigned char)str_out[ai];
  checksum_end ^= bi;
  }
                                            //make some beep
 // noTone(9);
  int Beep =0;
  int HowLongBeep = 0;
  if ((vario > 10 ) && (vario < 2000))
    {  
              // map vario output to beep note, if vario low, note is low and long, if vario high, note is high and short
        Beep = map(vario, 10, 2000, 1000, 3000);           //mapping vario output 0-9999 to Beep note 100-5000
        HowLongBeep = map(vario,10, 2000, 150, 30);       //mapping vario output 0-9999 to note duration 200-10ms
    } else if (vario >= 2000)
    {
      Beep = 3000;
      HowLongBeep=50;
    } else if (vario < -100)
    {
      Beep = 250;
      HowLongBeep = 10;
      //delay(100);
    }
  // play the beeeep
  tone(9, Beep, HowLongBeep);  // send beep to pin 9, play "Beep" tone for "HowLongBeep" time
  delay(100);
                                          //creating now NMEA serial output for LK8000, LK8EX1 protocol format
                                          //$LK8EX1,pressure,altitude,vario,temperature,battery,*checksum
  Serial.print("$");                     //print first sign of NMEA protocol
  Serial.print(str_out);                 // print data string
  Serial.print("*");                     //end of protocol string
  Serial.println(checksum_end,HEX);     //print calculated checksum on the end of the string in HEX
 
 
}




How to set up LK8000?
Setting up serial ports
This part is taken from LK8000 website.
  • select Aircraft Category: Paraglider  in  system config menu 7
  • change from Basic to Expert menu

3. Map Display
Labels: Names
Trail Length: Short
Orientation: Track Up
Auto Zoom: Off
Trail Drift: Off
Trail Width: 8 to 14 (I use at 12)
Circling Zoom: On
Declutter waypoints: Low
Declutter landings: Low








4. Terrain Display
Terrain display: Off
Topology display: On

5. Glide Computer
Auto Wind: Circling
TrueWind IAS: 39 kh
TrueWind period: 8 s
Auto Mc mode: Both
L/D average period: 15 Seconds
Lift Center: Circle at Center
Auto Force Final Glide: Off
Use baro altitude: Off







6. Safety Factors
Safety alt. mode: Landables
Safety MC: 0.5 ms
BestAlternate Warn: Off
Safety Lock: Off

7. Aircraft
Category: Paraglider/Delta
Type: Para EN A/DHV1, Para EN B/DHV12, Para EN C/DHV2, Para EN D/DHV23 or Para Competition, Delta USHPA 2, 3 , 4
V rough air: 60 Kh






8. Devices - Bräuniger Compeo, Flymaster F1, Digifly are supported by LK8000

Device A
Name: Flymaster F1, Flytec/Compeo, Digifly (Device A is used for the external devices, if you don't have external device use Generic for the internal GPS)
Port: COM7
Baud: 57600

Device B
Name: Generic (use device B for the internal GPS, if you don't have internal GPS put the same of Device A)
Port: COM7
Baud: 57600
Geoid Altitude: On
Serial Mode: Normal or Polling (if you have problems with Normal mode)


9. Units
Aircaft/Wind Speed: Metric
Distance: Metric
Lift: M/S
Altitude: Meters
Task Speed: Metric
Lat/Lon: DDMMSS











10. Interface
Menu Timeout: 16s
Virtual Keys: Off
Iphone Gestures: Normal
Map Locking: Off
Active Map: Off

11. Appearance
Glider Position: 50%
Landables Icons: Alternate
Landables Style: Boxed. with units
Landables value: Arrival Altitude
Inverse b/w colors: On
Waypoints text style: Values White
Hide Units: Off








13. Map Overlays
Screen Data: Full Map Overlay
MacGready Value: Enabled
Glide Terrain line: Shade
Glide Bar indicator: Next Turnpoint
Variometer Bar: Vario Rainbow
Thermal Bar: Off
Track Line: Off
FLARM on map: Off


14. Task
Auto Advance: Auto
Start Type: Cylinder
Start Radius: 400m
Sector Type: Cylinder
Sector Radius: 400m
Finish Type: Cylinder
Sector Radius: 400m








16. Infobox cruise
1. Speed Dolphin
2. Home distance
3. Next ETE
4. Task Distance
5. Task Alt.Arrival
6. Ext.Batt.Bank
7. Ext.Batt.1 Voltage
8. Ext.Batt.2 Voltage


17. Infobox circling
1. Thermal Gain (or Average thermal strength)
2. Home distance
3. Next ETE
4. Task distance
5. Task Alt.Arrival
6. Ext.Batt.Bank
7. Ext.Batt.1 Voltage
8. Ext.Batt.2 Voltage









18. Infobox Final Glide
1. Speed Dolphin
2. Home distance
3. Next ETE
4. Task Distance
5. Task Alt.Arrival
6. Ext.Batt.Bank
7. Ext.Batt.1 Voltage
8. Ext.Batt.2 Voltage


19. Infobox Aux
1. Ext.Batt.Bank
2. Ext.Batt.1 Voltage
3. Ext.Batt.2 Voltage
4. Altitude QNH
5. Speed ground
6. Next Waypoint
7. Wind Speed
8. MacCready Setting









20. Logger
Time step cruise: 1s
Time step circling: 1s
Short File name: Off
Autologger: On

22. System
Use GPS time: On
Autoback Light: On
Auto SoundVolume: On






23. Paragliders/Delta Specials
Circ. zoom Value: Standard
Cruize zoom: 5



Источник: https://sites.google.com/site/jarosrwebsite/para-nav
Категория: СТАТЬИ И ИНСТРУКЦИИ | Добавил: paraglider-club (27.10.2011)
Просмотров: 4880 | Теги: Fly Computer | Рейтинг: 5.0/1
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